Ms. Amy-Jane Troy, IV degree, is the Anti-Doping Officer for the INTA
Ms. Troy can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
What is Anti-doping?
Doping in sport is defined as “the administration to sportsmen or sportswomen, or the use by them, of pharmacological classes of doping agents or doping methods”
The word ‘doping’ is used in sport when person’s use prohibited substances or methods to unfairly improve their performance. Anti-doping refers then to the prevention of use of all illegal or banned substances within sport.
The Benefits of an Anti-doping Policy
- To protect the athlete’s fundamental right to participate in doping-free sport and thus promote health, fairness and equality for athletes world-wide
- To ensure harmonised, co-ordinated and effective anti-doping programmes at the national and international level with regard to the detection, deterrence and prevention of doping.
Anti-doping rules are sports rules determining the conditions under which a sport is played. Athletes and associated sports persons accept these rules as a condition of participation in the sport. The Anti-Doping Rules implement the mandatory and other portions of the World Anti-Doping Programme, including the Code, the International Standards and the Models of Best Practice. These Anti-Doping Rules were created for the benefit and assistance of Participants and National Governing Bodies. These rules were updated on January 1st 2009. A brief introduction to is outlined below, but for further information please see the attached document.
Doping is fundamentally contrary to the values of Sport and the tenets of Taekwon-do. The Code is the name given to the universal document upon which the World Anti-doping Policy is based. Its purpose is to adopt core anti-doping elements, which are accepted universally. For this to occur, the World Anti-doping Programme consists of three main elements.
- The Code
- International Standards
- Models of Best Practice and Guidelines
(1) The Code
The Code is the core document that provides the framework for harmonized anti-doping policies, rules, and regulations within sport organizations and among public authorities. It works in conjunction with five International Standards
aimed at bringing harmonization among anti-doping organizations in various areas: testing, laboratories, therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs), the List of Prohibited Substances and Methods, and protection of privacy and personal information. Since its enforcement in January 2004, The Code has led to a number of advances in reducing the prevalence of doping in the international sporting arena. The Code was updated in January 2009.
(2) International Standards
The International Standards are broken in to five distinct areas which are outlined above.
- The List of Prohibited Substance: The prohibited list consists of Substances and methods classified by categories (e.g., steroids, stimulants, gene doping) which violate the Anti-doping policies and procedures. This list was last updated in 2009 and the revised copy is attached below.
· Testing: The purpose of the International Standard for Testing (IST) is to plan for effective testing and to maintain the integrity and identity of samples, from notifying the athlete to transporting samples for analysis.
· Laboratories: The purpose of the International Standard for Laboratories (ISL) is to ensure production of valid test results and evidentiary data and to achieve uniform and harmonized results and reporting from all accredited laboratories.
- TUEs: The purpose of the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE) is to ensure that the process of granting TUEs is harmonized across sports and countries.
- Protection of Privacy and Personal Information: The purpose of the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information (ISPPPI) is to ensure that all relevant parties involved in anti-doping in sport adhere to a set of minimum privacy protections when collecting and using athlete personal information, such as information relating to whereabouts, doping controls and therapeutic use exemptions
(3) Models of Best Practice and Guidelines
Model Rules and guidelines provide recommended solutions to stakeholders in different areas of anti-doping. The World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) publishes guidelines relating to doping control activities. In cooperation with WADA, the International Anti-Doping Agreement (IADA) has also developed guidelines for Anti-Doping Organizations that have already obtained an ISO certification or that wish to be ISO-certified. These are: Guidelines for Transition and Guidelines for Certification. Further information in this area is available in the document below or on the World Anti-doping Agency website (www.wada-ama.org
See the Irish sports council website
for more information and resources.